Image of WH Questions with Visual Choices
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Using Visuals to Teach WH Questions + Free WH Question Visual Chart!

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If you do speech therapy with students on the autism spectrum, you probably hear over and over again that you need to incorporate visuals to help your students increase comprehension. Visuals can be so helpful for students! So how can you incorporate visuals when working on WH questions in speech therapy? Here are some ideas!

Using WH Questions with Visual Choices

This is where most people start – offering a field of 2-4 visual choices to answer a WH question. Using visual choices is a great strategy that I definitely use. Unfortunately, this is where most people stop incorporating visuals as well.

wh questions speech therapy activities

Offering just visual answer choices helps students comprehend the choices, but not the question. . . Let’s take a step back and look at some other places you can incorporate visuals to help the student understand the question AND the answer choices!

RELATED: Using Visuals in Speech Therapy

Visuals to Increase Comprehension of the Question

If your students benefit from extra help understanding the question, you can make WH- question activities (or purchase the cards pictured above) that include a visual that relates directly to the question.

That might be a single illustration or picture related to the question, or it might mean you are looking at a picture-scene that you can use gestures to point out helpful parts of the scene, or it might be incorporating the student’s AAC device. Since many high-tech AAC devices already include visuals, using Aided Language Input while you are asking the question to your student provides automatic visuals as well as language modeling!

RELATED: Join the SpeakPlayLove Vault

Using Visuals to Teach the Types of WH Questions in Speech Therapy

It is also really important to teach the types of WH questions and the types of possible answers before your start “quizzing” your student with mixed WH questions. (That’s not to say that you shouldn’t get a baseline before you start working on this skill with students, but I have seen some newer therapists jump right into asking questions without incorporating the teaching piece.)

WH Question Visual – Free Download!

image of wh question visual free

I like to use this WH Questions Visual Chart to teach (and review . . . and prompt) students about the types of WH questions. You can grab it in my TpT store for FREE!

Varying the Answer Choices

After teaching the type of WH- Question you want to target, you can start by presenting answer choices that are all the same type of answer choices (such as all places for a “where” question) while you point out the WH word used and the type of answer. (This is where the chart is helpful!)

Once the student has mastered that, you can move on to presenting answer choices with mixed types (a place, a person, a thing, etc.) that are related so that the student has to really pay attention to the type of WH question you are asking.

RELATED: Following Directions Activities

Don’t Forget to Fade the Visuals!

I’m all about using visuals to teach and to make the demands accessible, but don’t forget to fade visuals as the student gains skills!

Looking for WH question speech therapy activities? You can purchase the set I made HERE (50 printable WH- Questions)! (Also available as BOOM Cards here.)

picture of wh questions with visual choices resource

If you are looking for a bundle of activities with tons of visuals for the whole year, then check out my Early Language Mega Bundle here!

Are you tired of searching for visuals-based speech therapy materials – or fighting with Boardmaker to make materials? You might like theSpeakPlayLove Vault Membership – you can get ALL of my activities in one place! (New activities added every month!)

picture of speak play love membership vault

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