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When your baby is tiny, you get in the habit of doing everything for him – as you should! But if you hang on to some of the habits you started from birth, you might be doing your budding toddler a disservice.
First, let’s take a look at some of the “Don’ts” that I saw happening in a lot of houses when I worked in Early Intervention speech-language therapy services with late talkers. (And please don’t think I was immune to these habits either – I definitely caught myself doing some of these things with my own daughter!)
Here’s the thing – it’s hard to know WHEN to stop doing some of these things. There’s no hard line for when your baby is officially a pre-toddler. And the first one is the hardest habit to break. Take a step back and see if you are doing any of these:
Looking for a step-by-step guide to help your Late Talker? Check out this e-book by fellow Speech-Language Pathologist called Toddler Talk. Click here to learn more about Toddler Talk
Don’ts: What Not to Do to Get Your Toddler Talking
1. Don’t Anticipate Her Every Need
Your newborn needed every need met by you, so you tried to anticipate what she would need before she cried/melted down – a bottle, a burp, sleep, etc. but as your baby grows, start to take a little step back to give her the chance to communicate what she needs.
Notice that I said, “communicate” rather than “talk.” That’s because as early as 6-9 months, you can start to let your baby can use gestures like pointing or pulling your hand or baby sign language to tell you what she wants. Check out this sign language video library by clicking here.
Of course, if your little one is a bit older and starting to talk, then give her some space to do that! Luckily, as her caregiver, you’ll probably have a good idea of what that thing could be, which will help as early communication isn’t always clear.
2. Don’t Use “Baby Talk”
There is a term used by Speech-Language Pathologists to describe when a caregiver mimics coos and gaga sounds back to a small infant – “Mother-ease.” Using mother-ease is a wonderful way to engage with a very young infant and also involves eye contact, humming/singing. Do This! It’s encourages language development in very young babies.
But don’t keep using nonsense sounds as your baby gets closer to the one-year mark. You want to model full, useful words and short phrases.
I also consider “Baby Talk” to be when you use full words, but purposefully pronounce them like a young child would, “You want da widdle wabbit?”
It’s so important for babies to hear all the sounds in our language, including the harder/later-developing sounds like “r, l, and th.” So don’t deprive your baby of hearing these sounds on a regular basis.
3. Don’t Stand Over your Child while She’s playing and Give Directions
There’s a time for independent play (but supervised for safety) where you are not involved and you let your child explore toys/items. Independent play is great – sit back and enjoy this time! (or do chores nearby – let’s be realistic)
And then there’s a time for interactive play where you get down on the floor and participate. (see more about this below).
Both are great! So pick one of those and don’t get caught in the middle by telling your child HOW to play.
4. Don’t Constantly Quiz Him
Once he starts to talk a bit, you’ll want to ask, “What’s that?” constantly. It’s amazing to see what new word he’s learned recently. This is one tip that I have trouble following if I don’t remind myself and take a step back!
Now, there’s nothing wrong with finding out what words he knows, but don’t let quizzing be the only thing you do when you are out and about or reading a picture book.
Instead, keep teaching him new words and phases by narrating what you see. If he points out something, you can expand on what he says. For example if he says, “truck.” You can say, “Wow, that’s a big truck!” This way, you are keeping the conversation going and adding an extra detail (big). He doesn’t have to repeat you. This is just a way to keep the language-learning going!
5. Don’t Think “Learning” Apps, T.V. and Electronic Toys Will Teach Your Toddler to Talk
This is a tricky one because educational toys and apps sure do advertise a lot about how well they teach language concepts. And that’s the thing – they teach language concepts.
Concepts are not the same as talking. Concepts are vocabulary, grammar, ABCs, shapes, colors, etc. Talking, on the other hand, is very social and reciprocal. As caregivers, we constantly adjust how we talk to and teach our children based on so many factors – without even realizing it! You are your child’s best teacher, so please don’t think an app can replace you!
Looking for some toys that ARE recommended for language development? Check out this post on Interactive Learning Toys
Here is a great video from the American-Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA):
Do’s: How to Help Your Toddler Talk
1. Teach Her New Words and Simple Phrases Just by Talking
Point out things around you or in books and tell her the name for that thing – or the name of that action, or color, etc. Try narrating what you are doing or what she is doing in child-friendly language (keep sentences short and use simple words). You don’t have to do this constantly, but when your child is interested in something, take advantage of that! Read more about how to do this with examples here.
2.Wait, Wait, Wait
This takes practice. Giving extra time was one of the hardest things for parents to master when I was providing speech therapy to toddlers.
When you ask a question or you know your child wants something basic that he has the word for like “milk” or “up”. Don’t jump in and repeat the question right away or model the word he should say right away. Instead. . . wait.
I mean really wait. Count in your head for at least 3-5 seconds. Some kids need longer. I’ve been known to wait up to 15 seconds as long as the child is not getting really frustrated or distracted. This is especially true if you think your child knows the answer but has difficulty with processing speed or initiation. If you’ve really waited, then model the word and wait again. Still nothing? Say the word as you hand over the item he wants.
3. Act Confused
Instead of anticipating her every need, sometimes act confused – even if you have a good idea of what she wants. It’s all about creating opportunities for communication!
This also builds in wait time – see #2! Don’t do this to the point of her getting too frustrated. You can always jump in before the point of frustration and model a word she can say or sign language she can use.
4. Use your Regular Voice – But Don’t be Afraid to Get Creative!
We talked about not using “baby talk” above. So how do you talk to toddlers on their level and while keeping their attention?
Keep your sentences short-ish and don’t be afraid to act excited and animated when you talk.
Then, every once in a while, try an excited whisper! This is perfect when you are trying for a “sense of wonder.” You’ll likely get your tot’s full attention and maybe a little lean-in too!
5. Get on the Floor
Interactive play, meaning you are on your child’s level – talking to him and playing with toys or items of interest, is integral for building language development.
You might plan a fun activity (like pasta threading or reading books or a sing along) but you don’t have to! Just follow his lead. If he’s interested in cars right now, play with cars. If he wants to spin around in circles, spin around with him – or at least tell him “ready, set, go!” and then talk about how dizzy he is!
I hope these tips were helpful! Thanks for reading!
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